Topological Quantum Matter Seminar
Speaker: Amanda Young, UIUC
Title: A bulk gap in the presence of edge states for a truncated Haldane pseudopotential
Abstract: Haldane pseudopotentials were first introduced as Hamiltonian models for the fractional quantum Hall effect, and it has been long expected that they should exhibit the characteristic properties of this exotic phase of matter, including a spectral gap above the ground state energy. We will discuss recent work that verified this gap conjecture for a truncated version of the 1/3-filled Haldane pseudopotential in the cylinder geometry. Numerical evidence suggested that for open boundary conditions the gap of the truncated model closes as the cylinder radius converges to zero and that this closure is due to the presence of edge modes; in contrast, for periodic boundary conditions, the gap remains robustly order one in the same radius limit. The standard scheme for applying spectral gap estimating techniques to the model with periodic boundary conditions, though, produces a lower bound on the bulk gap that still reflects the energy of the edge modes. To obtain an estimate on the bulk gap that reflects its true behavior, a new gap estimating strategy was developed. By customizing the spectral gap method to key invariant subspaces of the Hamiltonian, we are able to successfully avoid the edge states and produce a more accurate lower bound on the bulk gap. In this talk, we discuss this invariant subspace strategy for proving bulk gaps in the presence of edge states. This is based off joint work with S. Warzel.