Non-invertible Symmetry Enforced Gaplessness

02/10/2023 10:30 am - 11:30 am

Quantum Matter Seminar

Speaker: Ho Tat Lam (MIT)

Title: Non-invertible Symmetry Enforced Gaplessness

Abstract: Quantum systems in 3+1-dimensions that are invariant under gauging a one-form symmetry enjoy novel non-invertible duality symmetries encoded by topological defects. These symmetries are renormalization group invariants which constrain infrared dynamics. We show that such non-invertible symmetries often forbid a symmetry-preserving vacuum state with a gapped spectrum, leaving only two possibilities for the infrared dynamics: a gapless state or spontaneous breaking of the non-invertible symmetries. These non-invertible symmetries are realized in lattice gauge theories, which serve to illustrate our results.