**Algebraic Geometry in String Theory Seminar**

**Speaker:** Chao-Ming Lin (University of California, Irvine)

**Title:** On the convexity of general inverse $\sigma_k$ equations and some applications

**Abstract:** In this talk, I will show my recent work on general inverse $\sigma_k$ equations and the deformed Hermitian-Yang-Mills equation (hereinafter the dHYM equation). First, I will show my recent results. This result states that if a level set of a general inverse $\sigma_k$ equation (after translation if needed) is contained in the positive orthant, then this level set is convex. As an application, this result justifies the convexity of the Monge-AmpĂ¨re equation, the J-equation, the dHYM equation, the special Lagrangian equation, etc. Second, I will introduce some semialgebraic sets and a special class of univariate polynomials and give a Positivstellensatz type result. These give a numerical criterion to verify whether the level set will be contained in the positive orthant. Last, as an application, I will prove one of the conjectures by Collins-Jacob-Yau when the dimension equals four. This conjecture states that under the supercritical phase assumption, if there exists a C-subsolution to the dHYM equation, then the dHYM equation is solvable.