During the 2022–23 academic year, the CMSA will be hosting a seminar on Algebraic Geometry in String Theory, organized by Tsung-Ju Lee, Chuck Doran, and Mauricio Romo. This seminar will take place on Fridays at 9:00 am – 10:00 am (Boston time). The meetings will take place in Room G10 at the CMSA, 20 Garden Street, Cambridge MA 02138, and some meetings will take place virtually on Zoom or be held in hybrid formats. To learn how to attend, please fill out this form, or contact Tsung-Ju Lee (tjlee@cmsa.fas.harvard.edu). The schedule will be updated as talks are confirmed.

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  • February 24, 2023 09:00 AM
Speaker: Chao-Ming Lin
Title: On the convexity of general inverse $\sigma_k$ equations and some applications
Venue: CMSA Room G10

Algebraic Geometry in String Theory Seminar Speaker: Chao-Ming Lin (University of California, Irvine) Title: On the convexity of general inverse $\sigma_k$ equations and some applications Abstract: In this talk, I will show my recent work on general inverse $\sigma_k$ equations and the deformed Hermitian-Yang-Mills equation (hereinafter the dHYM equation). First, I will show my recent results. This result states that if a level set of a general inverse $\sigma_k$ equation (after translation if needed) is contained in the positive orthant, then this level set is convex. As an application, this result justifies the convexity of the Monge-Ampère equation, the J-equation, the dHYM equation, the special Lagrangian equation, etc. Second, I will introduce some semialgebraic sets and a special…

  • October 28, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Ahsan Khan
Title: -Categories and the Massive d A-Model
Venue: CMSA Room G10

Algebraic Geometry in String Theory Seminar Speaker: Ahsan Khan, IAS Title: 2-Categories and the Massive 3d A-Model Abstract: I will outline the construction of a 2-category associated to a hyperKahler moment map. The construction is based on partial differential equations in one, two, and three dimensions combined with a three-dimensional version of the Gaiotto-Moore-Witten web formalism.  

  • October 21, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Nicolo Piazzalunga
Title: The index of M-theory
Venue: CMSA Room G10

Algebraic Geometry in String Theory Seminar Speaker: Nicolo Piazzalunga, Rutgers Title: The index of M-theory Abstract: I’ll introduce the higher-rank Donaldson-Thomas theory for toric Calabi-Yau threefolds, within the setting of equivariant K-theory. I’ll present a factorization conjecture motivated by Physics. As a byproduct, I’ll discuss some novel properties of equivariant volumes, as well as their generalizations to the genus-zero Gromov-Witten theory of non-compact toric varieties.

  • October 14, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Daniel Pomerleano
Title: Singularities of the quantum connection on a Fano variety
Venue: CMSA Room G10

Algebraic Geometry in String Theory Seminar Speaker: Daniel Pomerleano, UMass Boston Title: Singularities of the quantum connection on a Fano variety Abstract: The small quantum connection on a Fano variety is one of the simplest objects in enumerative geometry. Nevertheless, it is the subject of far-reaching conjectures known as the Dubrovin/Gamma conjectures. Traditionally, these conjectures are made for manifolds with semi-simple quantum cohomology or more generally for Fano manifolds whose quantum connection is of unramified exponential type at q=\infty. I will explain a program, joint with Paul Seidel, to show that this unramified exponential type property holds for all Fano manifolds M carrying a smooth anticanonical divisor D. The basic idea of our argument is to view these structures through…

  • October 07, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Sam Bardwell-Evans
Title: Scattering Diagrams from Holomorphic Discs in Log Calabi-Yau Surfaces
Venue: CMSA Room G10

Algebraic Geometry in String Theory Seminar Speaker: Sam Bardwell-Evans, Boston University Title: Scattering Diagrams from Holomorphic Discs in Log Calabi-Yau Surfaces Abstract: In this talk, we construct special Lagrangian fibrations for log Calabi-Yau surfaces and scattering diagrams from Lagrangian Floer theory of the fibers. These scattering diagrams recover the algebro-geometric scattering diagrams of Gross-Pandharipande-Siebert and Gross-Hacking-Keel. The argument relies on a holomorphic/tropical disc correspondence to control the behavior of holomorphic discs, allowing us to relate open Gromov-Witten invariants to log Gromov-Witten invariants. This talk is based on joint work with Man-Wai Mandy Cheung, Hansol Hong, and Yu-Shen Lin.

  • September 30, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Mauricio Romo
Title: GLSM, Homological projective duality and nc resolutions
Venue: CMSA Room G10

Algebraic Geometry in String Theory Seminar Speaker:  Mauricio Romo, Tsinghua University Title: GLSM, Homological projective duality and nc resolutions Abstract: Kuznetsov’s Homological projective duality (HPD) in algebraic geometry is a powerful theorem that allows to extract information about semiorthogonal decompositions of derived categories of certain varieties. I will give a GLSMs perspective based on categories of B-branes. I will focus mostly on the case of Fano (hypersurfaces) manifolds. In general, for such cases the HPD can be interpreted as a non-commutative (nc) resolution of a compact variety. I will give a physical interpretation of this fact and present some conjectures.

  • April 26, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Yan Zhou
Title: Modularity of mirror families of log CalabiYau surfaces
Venue: virtual

Abstract:   In “Mirror symmetry for log Calabi–Yau surfaces I,” given a smooth log Calabi–Yau surface pair (Y,D), Gross–Hacking–Keel constructed its mirror family as the spectrum of an explicit algebra whose structure coefficients are determined by the enumerative geometry of (Y,D). As a follow-up of the work of Gross–Hacking–Keel, when (Y,D) is positive, we prove the modularity of the mirror family as the universal family of log Calabi-Yau surface pairs deformation equivalent to (Y,D) with at worst du Val singularities. As a corollary, we show that the ring of regular functions of a smooth affine log Calabi–Yau surface has a canonical basis of theta functions. The key step towards the proof of the main theorem is the application of…

  • April 19, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Ming Zhang
Title: Equivariant Verlinde algebra and quantum K-theory of the moduli space of vortices
Venue: Virtual

Abstract:  In studying complex Chern-Simons theory on a Seifert manifold, Gukov-Pei proposed an equivariant Verlinde formula, a one-parameter deformation of the celebrated Verlinde formula. It computes, among many things, the graded dimension of the space of holomorphic sections of (powers of) a natural determinant line bundle over the Hitchin moduli space. Gukov-Pei conjectured that the equivariant Verlinde numbers are equal to the equivariant quantum K-invariants of a non-compact (Kahler) quotient space studied by Hanany-Tong. In this talk, I will explain the setup of this conjecture and its proof via wall-crossing of moduli spaces of (parabolic) Bradlow-Higgs triples. It is based on work in progress with Wei Gu and Du Pei.

  • April 12, 2022 11:58 AM
Speaker: Aron Heleodoro
Title: Applications of Higher Determinant Map
Venue: Virtual

Abstract: In this talk I will explain the construction of a determinant map for Tate objects and two applications: (i) to construct central extensions of iterated loop groups and (ii) to produce a determinant theory on certain ind-schemes. For that I will introduce some aspects of the theory of Tate objects in a couple of contexts.

  • April 05, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Jie Zhou, Tsinghua University
Title: Regularized integrals on Riemann surfaces and correlations functions in d chiral CFTs
Venue: virtual

Abstract: I will report a recent approach of regularizing divergent integrals on configuration spaces of Riemann surfaces, introduced by Si Li and myself in arXiv:2008.07503, with an emphasis on genus one cases where modular forms arise naturally. I will then talk about some applications in studying correlation functions in 2d chiral CFTs, holomorphic anomaly equations, etc. If time permits, I will also mention a more algebraic formulation of this notion of regularized integrals in terms of mixed Hodge structures. The talk is partially based on joint works with Si Li.

  • March 15, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Benjamin Gammage, Harvard University
Title: -categorical d mirror symmetry
Venue: virtual

Abstract: It is by now well-known that mirror symmetry may be expressed as an equivalence between categories associated to dual Kahler manifolds. Following a proposal of Teleman, we inaugurate a program to understand 3d mirror symmetry as an equivalence between 2-categories associated to dual holomorphic symplectic stacks. We consider here the abelian case, where our theorem expresses the 2-category of spherical functors as a 2-category of coherent sheaves of categories. Applications include categorifications of hypertoric category O and of many related constructions in representation theory. This is joint work with Justin Hilburn and Aaron Mazel-Gee.

  • March 01, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Dhyan Vas Aranha, SISSA
Title: Virtual localization for Artin stacks
Venue: virtual

Abstract: This is a report about work in progress with: Adeel Khan, Aloysha Latyntsev, Hyeonjun Park and Charanya Ravi. We will describe a virtual Atiyah-Bott formula for Artin stacks.  In the Deligne-Mumford case our methods allow us to remove the global resolution hypothesis for the virtual normal bundle.

  • February 22, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Konstantin Aleshkin, Columbia University
Title: Higgs-Coulomb correspondence in abelian GLSM
Venue: virtual

Abstract: We construct a certain type of Gauged Linear Sigma Model quasimap invariants that generalize the original ones and are easier to compute. Higgs-Coulomb correspondence provides identification of generating functions of our invariants with certain analytic functions that can be represented as generalized inverse Mellin transforms. Analytic continuation of these functions provides wall-crossing results for GLSM and generalizes Landau- Ginzburg/Calabi-Yau correspondence. The talk is based on a joint work in progress with Melissa Liu.

  • February 15, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Zijun Zhou, Kavli IPMU
Title: Virtual Coulomb branch and quantum K-theory
Venue: virtual

Abstract: In this talk, I will introduce a virtual variant of the quantized Coulomb branch constructed by Braverman-Finkelberg-Nakajima, where the convolution product is modified by a virtual intersection. The resulting virtual Coulomb branch acts on the moduli space of quasimaps into the holomorphic symplectic quotient T^*N//G. When G is abelian, over the torus fixed points, this representation is a Verma module. The vertex function, a K-theoretic enumerative invariant introduced by A. Okounkov, can be expressed as a Whittaker function of the algebra. The construction also provides a description of the quantum q-difference module. As an application, this gives a proof of the invariance of the quantum q-difference module under variation of GIT.

  • February 01, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Carl Lian
Title: Curve-counting with fixed domain (“Tevelev degrees”)
Venue: Virtual

Abstract: We will consider the following problem: if (C,x_1,…,x_n) is a fixed general pointed curve, and X is a fixed target variety with general points y_1,…,y_n, then how many maps f:C -> X in a given homology class are there, such that f(x_i)=y_i? When considered virtually in Gromov-Witten theory, the answer may be expressed in terms of the quantum cohomology of X, leading to explicit formulas in some cases (Buch-Pandharipande). The geometric question is more subtle, though in the presence of sufficient positivity, it is expected that the virtual answers are enumerative. I will give an overview of recent progress on various aspects of this problem, including joint work with Farkas, Pandharipande, and Cela, as well as work of other authors.

  • February 08, 2022 09:30 AM
Speaker: Yu-Shen Lin, Boston University
Title: SYZ Conjecture beyond Mirror Symmetry
Venue: virtual

Abstract: Strominger-Yau-Zaslow conjecture is one of the guiding principles in mirror symmetry, which not only predicts the geometric structures of Calabi-Yau manifolds but also provides a recipe for mirror construction. Besides mirror symmetry, the SYZ conjecture itself is the holy grail in geometrical analysis and closely related to the behavior of the Ricci-flat metrics. In this talk, we will explain how SYZ fibrations on log Calabi-Yau surfaces detect the non-standard semi-flat metric which generalized the semi-flat metrics of Greene-Shapere-Vafa-Yau. Furthermore, we will use the SYZ fibration on log Calabi-Yau surfaces to prove the Torelli theorem of gravitational instantons of type ALH^*. This is based on the joint works with T. Collins and A. Jacob.

  • December 07, 2021 09:30 AM
Speaker: Xingyang Yu
Title: d N=(,) gauge theories, Spin() orientifolds and triality
Venue: Virtual
  • November 30, 2021 09:30 AM
Speaker: Charles Doran
Title: K_ and Quantum Curves
Venue: Virtual
  • November 23, 2021 09:30 AM
Speaker: Dori Bejleri
Title: Wall crossing for moduli of stable log varieties
Venue: Virtual
  • November 16, 2021 09:30 AM
Speaker: Pierrick Bousseau
Title: Gromov-Witten theory of complete intersections
Venue: Virtual

Abstract: I will describe an inductive algorithm computing Gromov-Witten invariants in all genera with arbitrary insertions of all smooth complete intersections in projective space. The main idea is to show that invariants with insertions of primitive cohomology classes are controlled by their monodromy and by invariants defined without primitive insertions but with imposed nodes in the domain curve. To compute these nodal Gromov-Witten invariants, we introduce the new notion of nodal relative Gromov-Witten invariants. This is joint work with Hülya Argüz, Rahul Pandharipande, and Dimitri Zvonkine (arxiv:2109.13323).