Quantum Matter Seminar
Speaker: Sona Najafi (IBM Quantum)
Title: Detecting central charge in a superconducting quantum processor
Abstract: Physical systems at the continuous phase transition point exhibit conformal symmetry rendering local scaling invariance. In two dimensions, the conformal group possesses infinite generators described by Virasoro algebra with an essential parameter known as a central charge. While the central charge manifests itself in a variety of quantities, its detection in experimental setup remains elusive. In this work, we utilize Shannon-Renyi entropy on a local basis of a one-dimensional quantum spin chain at a critical point. We first use a simulated variational quantum eigen solver to prepare the ground state of the critical transfer field Ising model and XXZ model with open and periodic boundary conditions and perform local Pauli X and Z basis measurements. Using error mitigation such as probabilistic error cancellation, we extract an estimation of the local Pauli observables needed to determine the Shannon-Renyi entropy with respect to subsystem size. Finally, we obtain the central charge in the sub-leading term of Shannon-Renyi entropy.