The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect at ν=5/2: Past, Recent, and Future

12/04/2023 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm
CMSA Room G10
Address: CMSA, 20 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA

Topological Quantum Matter Seminar

Speaker:  Ken K. W. Ma (Northeastern University)

Title: The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect at ν=5/2: Past, Recent, and Future

Abstract: The discovery of fractional quantum Hall (FQH) states started a new chapter in modern physics. Nowadays, more than 70 FQH states at different filling factors have been observed. Among them, the FQH state at the filling factor ν=5/2 in GaAs (or the 5/2 state) remains one of the most special and attractive states. Since its discovery in 1987, different possible topological orders have been proposed to describe the 5/2 state. Some of them can host an exotic type of particles, known as non-Abelian anyons. Recent experiments have provided more insights into the understanding of the 5/2 state, but its underlying nature is still under debate.

In this talk, I will review the basics of the 5/2 state [1] and a more unified theoretical description of different possible topological orders of the 5/2 state that we have recently proposed [2]. I will also review the groundbreaking thermal Hall conductance experiment [3] and the follow-up quantum Hall interface experiments by the Weizmann Institute group [4, 5], and discuss what possible lessons that we can learn from the experimental results. Lastly, I will talk about some possible directions and related topics for future investigations.


[1] K. K. W. Ma, M. R. Peterson, V. W. Scarola, and K. Yang, “Fractional quantum Hall effect at the filling factor ν = 5/2” in Encyclopedia of Condensed Matter Physics (Second Edition), edited by T. Chakraborty, Academic Press (2024).
[2] K. K. W. Ma and D. E. Feldman, “The sixteenfold way and the quantum Hall effect at half-integer filling factors”, Phys. Rev. B 100, 035302 (2019).
[3] M. Banerjee, M. Heiblum, V. Umansky, D. E. Feldman, Y. Oreg, and A. Stern, “Observation of half-integer thermal Hall conductance”, Nature (London) 559, 205 (2018).
[4] B. Dutta, W. Yang, R. Melcer, H. K. Kundu, M. Heiblum, V. Umansky, Y. Oreg, A. Stern, D. Mross, “Distinguishing between non-Abelian topological orders in a quantum Hall system”, Science 375, 193 (2021).
[5] B. Dutta, V. Umansky, M. Banerjee, and M. Heiblum, “Isolated ballistic non-Abelian interface channel”, Science 377, 1198 (2022).