Algebraic Geometry in String Theory Seminar
Speaker: Thorsten Schimannek (Utrecht University)
Title: M-theory on nodal Calabi-Yau 3-folds and torsion refined GV-invariants
Abstract: The physics of M-theory and Type IIA strings on a projective nodal CY 3-folds is determined by the geometry of a small resolution, even if the latter is not Kähler. We will demonstrate this explicitly in the context of a family of Calabi-Yau double covers of P^3. Using conifold transitions, we prove that the exceptional curves in any small resolution are torsion while M-theory develops a discrete gauge symmetry.This leads to a torsion refinement of the ordinary Gopakumar-Vafa invariants, that is associated to the singular Calabi-Yau and captures the enumerative geometry of the non-Kähler resolutions. We further argue that twisted circle compactifications of the 5d theory are dual to IIA compactifications on the nodal CY 3-fold with a flat but topologically non-trivial B-field. As a result, the torsion refined invariants are encoded in the topological string partition functions with different choices for the global topology of a flat B-field.