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Motivic Geometry of Two-Loop Feynman Integrals
February 7, 2023 @ 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
Speaker: Chuck Doran
Title: Motivic Geometry of Two-Loop Feynman Integrals
Abstract: We study the geometry and Hodge theory of the cubic hypersurfaces attached to two-loop Feynman integrals for generic physical parameters. We show that the Hodge structure attached to planar two-loop Feynman graphs decomposes into a mixed Tate piece and a variation of Hodge structure from families of hyperelliptic curves, elliptic curves, or rational curves depending on the space-time dimension. We give more precise results for two-loop graphs with a small number of edges. In particular, we recover a result of Spencer Bloch that in the well-known double box example there is an underlying family of elliptic curves, and we give a concrete description of these elliptic curves. We show that the motive for the “non-planar” two-loop tardigrade graph is that of a family of K3 surfaces of generic Picard number 11. Lastly, we show that generic members of the multi-scoop ice cream cone family of graph hypersurfaces correspond to pairs of multi-loop sunset Calabi-Yau varieties. Our geometric realization of these motives permits us in many cases to derive in full the homogeneous differential operators for the corresponding Feynman integrals. This is joint work with Andrew Harder and Pierre Vanhove.