Topological Quantum Matter Seminar
Speaker: Ken K. W. Ma (Northeastern University)
Title: The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect at ν=5/2: Past, Recent, and Future
Abstract: The discovery of fractional quantum Hall (FQH) states started a new chapter in modern physics. Nowadays, more than 70 FQH states at different filling factors have been observed. Among them, the FQH state at the filling factor ν=5/2 in GaAs (or the 5/2 state) remains one of the most special and attractive states. Since its discovery in 1987, different possible topological orders have been proposed to describe the 5/2 state. Some of them can host an exotic type of particles, known as non-Abelian anyons. Recent experiments have provided more insights into the understanding of the 5/2 state, but its underlying nature is still under debate.
In this talk, I will review the basics of the 5/2 state  and a more unified theoretical description of different possible topological orders of the 5/2 state that we have recently proposed . I will also review the groundbreaking thermal Hall conductance experiment  and the follow-up quantum Hall interface experiments by the Weizmann Institute group [4, 5], and discuss what possible lessons that we can learn from the experimental results. Lastly, I will talk about some possible directions and related topics for future investigations.
 K. K. W. Ma, M. R. Peterson, V. W. Scarola, and K. Yang, “Fractional quantum Hall effect at the filling factor ν = 5/2” in Encyclopedia of Condensed Matter Physics (Second Edition), edited by T. Chakraborty, Academic Press (2024).
 K. K. W. Ma and D. E. Feldman, “The sixteenfold way and the quantum Hall effect at half-integer filling factors”, Phys. Rev. B 100, 035302 (2019).
 M. Banerjee, M. Heiblum, V. Umansky, D. E. Feldman, Y. Oreg, and A. Stern, “Observation of half-integer thermal Hall conductance”, Nature (London) 559, 205 (2018).
 B. Dutta, W. Yang, R. Melcer, H. K. Kundu, M. Heiblum, V. Umansky, Y. Oreg, A. Stern, D. Mross, “Distinguishing between non-Abelian topological orders in a quantum Hall system”, Science 375, 193 (2021).
 B. Dutta, V. Umansky, M. Banerjee, and M. Heiblum, “Isolated ballistic non-Abelian interface channel”, Science 377, 1198 (2022).