Controlling Quantum Matter with Quantum Cavity Fields

2022-12-07 10:00 - 11:00
CMSA Room G10
Address: CMSA, 20 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA

Topological Quantum Matter Seminar

Speaker: Vasil Rokaj (Harvard)

Title: Controlling Quantum Matter with Quantum Cavity Fields

Abstract: Cavity modification of material properties and phenomena is a novel research field motivated by the advances in strong light-matter interactions [1]. For condensed matter systems it has been demonstrated experimentally that the transport properties of 2D materials can be modified via coupling to vacuum fields [2,3]. While in polaritonic chemistry it has been shown that ground state chemical properties can be controlled with cavity fields [4]. In the first part of my talk, I will present how the quantized cavity field can alter the conduction properties of a condensed matter system by focusing on the paradigmatic Sommerfeld model of the free electron gas [5]. The exact analytic solution of the Sommerfeld model in the cavity will be presented as well as its fundamental properties. Then, in the second part of the talk, I will focus on a many-particle system of cold ions in a harmonic trap coupled to the cavity field. I will show how this system couples collectively to the cavity and that hybrid states between light and matter, known as polaritons, emerge. The formation of polaritons leads to the modification of the properties of the cold ions and enhances the localization of the many-body wave function [6]. Connections to experiments will be discussed as well.

[1] F. Garcia-Vidal, C. Ciuti, T. W. Ebbesen, Science, 373, 178 (2021)

[2] G. L. Paravicini-Bagliani et al., Nat. Phys. 15, 186-190 (2019)

[3] F. Appugliese et al., Science 375 (6584), 1030-1034 (2022)

[4] T. W. Ebbesen, Acc. Chem. Res. 49, 11, 2403–2412 (2016)

[5] V. Rokaj, M. Ruggenthaler, F. G. Eich, A. Rubio, Phys. Rev. Research 4, 013012 (2022)

[6] V. Rokaj, S.I. Mistakidis, H.R. Sadeghpour, arXiv:2207.03436 (2022)