
Speaker: Markus DieriglTitle: IIB Explored &#; Dualities, Bordisms, and the SwamplandVenue: Jefferson 356Swampland Seminar Location: Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Seminar room J356 Speaker: Markus Dierigl (LMU Munich) Title: IIB Explored – Dualities, Bordisms, and the Swampland Abstract: In this talk I will discuss the application of the Cobordism Conjecture to type IIB supergravity with nontrivial duality bundle. Calculating the relevant bordism groups we find that they are highly nontrivial and would predict the presence of various global symmetries in the underlying theory. Since quantum gravity theories do not allow for global symmetries, we discuss which defects need to be included to break them completely. Interestingly, we find many backgrounds that are wellknown in the Ftheory literature, such as [p,q]7branes, nonHiggsable clusters, as well as Sfolds and their generalizations to higher codimensions. Further including… 

Speaker: Alvaro HerraezTitle: The Emergence Proposal in Quantum Gravity and the Species ScaleVenue: CMSA Room G10Swampland Seminar Speaker: Alvaro Herraez (Saclay) Title: The Emergence Proposal in Quantum Gravity and the Species Scale Abstract: The Emergence Proposal claims that in Quantum Gravity the kinetic terms of the fields in the IR emerge from integrating out (infinite) towers of particles up to the QG cutoff. After introducing this proposal in the context of the Swampland Program, I will explain why it is natural to identify this QG cutoff with the Species Scale, motivating it by direct computation in the presence of the relevant towers. Then, I will present evidence for this proposal by directly studying how it is realized in different string theory setups, where the kinetic terms of scalars, pforms and even scalar potentials can be shown… 

Speaker: Fernando MarchesanoTitle: EFT strings and emergenceVenue: CMSA Room G10Swampland Seminar Speaker: Fernando Marchesano (IFT Madrid) Title: EFT strings and emergence Abstract: We revisit the Emergence Proposal in 4d N=2 vector multiplet sectors that arise from type II string CalabiYau compactifications, with emphasis on the role of axionic fundamental strings, or EFT strings. We focus on largevolume type IIA compactifications, where EFT strings arise from NS5branes wrapping internal fourcycles, and consider a set of infinitedistance modulispace limits that can be classified in terms of a scaling weight w=1,2,3. It has been shown before how oneloop threshold effects of an infinite tower of BPS particles made up of D2/D0branes generate the asymptotic behaviour of the gauge kinetic functions along limits with $w=3$. We extend this result to w=2 limits, by taking… 

Speaker: PaulKonstantin OehlmannTitle: Anomalies of Discrete Gauge Symmetries and their Cancellation in D FtheoryVenue: CMSA Room G10Swampland Seminar Speaker: PaulKonstantin Oehlmann(Northeastern) Title: Anomalies of Discrete Gauge Symmetries and their Cancellation in 6D Ftheory Abstract: We consider 6D SUGRAs with a discrete gauge group G, engineered via Ftheory compactifications on genusone fibered threefolds. We argue that group G suffers from DaiFreed anomalies that can be canceled via a discrete GreenSchwarz mechanism. We comment on the ambiguity to assign this GS term in the 7D Anomaly theory which leads to choices that are not all compatible with Ftheory. In Ftheory we then deduce this Anomaly coefficient explicitly by computing the elliptic genera of the noncritical strings that couple to the 6D twoform fields: Their 2D worldsheet theories inherits a G Flavor symmetries whose t’Hooft anomaly cancels the 6D DaiFreed anomaly in the… 

Speaker: Aasmund FolkestadTitle: The Penrose Inequality as a Constraint on Low Energy Quantum GravityVenue: CMSA Room G10Swampland Seminar Speaker: Aasmund Folkestad (MIT) Title: The Penrose Inequality as a Constraint on Low Energy Quantum Gravity Abstract: In this talk, I argue that the Penrose inequality (PI) can be used to constrain low energy theories compatible AdS/CFT, and possibly also quantum gravity in flat space. Focusing on AdS/CFT, it is shown that the PI can be violated for minimally coupled scalar fields, and I produce exclusion plots on couplings that respect the PI. I also present numerical evidence that topdown scalar theories and supersymmetric theories respect the PI. Finally, similar to the BreitenlohnerFreedman bound, I give a necessary condition for the stability AdS that constrains coupling constants (beyond the scalar mass). 

Speaker: Samir MathurTitle: The story of the information paradoxVenue: CMSA Room G10Swampland Seminar Speaker: Samir Mathur (Ohio State) Title: The story of the information paradox Abstract: In 1975 Hawking argued that black hole evaporation would lead to a loss of unitarity in quantum theory. The small corrections theorem made Hawking’s argument into a precise statement: if semiclassical physics hold to leading order in any gently curved region of spacetime, then there can be no resolution to the paradox. In string theory, whenever people have been able to construct microstates explicutly, the states turned out to be horizon sized objects (fuzzballs) with no horizon; such a structure of microstates resolves the information paradox since their is no pair creation at a vacuum horizon. There have been a set of parallel attempts to… 

Speaker: Georges ObieTitle: Inflation and light Dark Matter constraints from the SwamplandVenue: VirtualAbstract: I will explore the interplay between Swampland conjectures and models of inflation and light Dark Matter. To that end, I will briefly review the weak gravity conjecture (WGC) and the related Festina Lente (FL) bound. These have implications for light darkly and millicharged particles and can disfavor a large portion of parameter space. The FL bound also implies strong restrictions on the field content of our universe during inflation and presents an opportunity for inflationary model building. At the same time, it rules out some popular models like chromonatural inflation and gaugeflation. Finally, I will review another Swampland conjecture related to Stückelberg photon masses and discuss its implications for astroparticle physics. 

Speaker: José CalderónTitle: Swampland SeminarVenue: VirtualOpen mic Swampland Discussion Topic: Cobordism 

Speaker: Timm Wrase and Eduardo Gonzalo (Lehigh)Title: Type IIB flux compactifications with $h^{,}=$Venue: virtualAbstract: We revisit type IIB flux compactification that are mirror dual to type IIA on rigid CalabiYau manifolds. We find a variety of interesting new solutions, like fully stabilized Minkowski vacua and infinite families of AdS$_4$ solutions with arbitrarily large numbers of spacetime filling D3 branes. We discuss how these solutions fit into the web of swampland conjectures. 

Speaker: Simon CaronHuot (McGill University) and Julio Parra (Caltech)Title: Causality constraints on corrections to Einstein gravityVenue: virtualSwampland Seminar Speakers: Simon CaronHuot (McGill University) and Julio Parra (Caltech) Title: Causality constraints on corrections to Einstein gravity Abstract: We study constraints from causality and unitarity on 2→2 graviton scattering in fourdimensional weaklycoupled effective field theories. Together, causality and unitarity imply dispersion relations that connect lowenergy observables to highenergy data. Using such dispersion relations, we derive twosided bounds on gravitational Wilson coefficients in terms of the mass M of new higherspin states. Our bounds imply that gravitational interactions must shut off uniformly in the limit G→0, and prove the scaling with M expected from dimensional analysis (up to an infrared logarithm). We speculate that causality, together with the nonobservation of gravitationallycoupled higherspin states at colliders, severely restricts modifications to Einstein gravity that could be probed by experiments in the near future. 

Speaker: Fernando QuevedoTitle: On renormalisation group induced moduli stabilisation and braneantibrane inflationVenue: VirtualAbstract: A proposal to use the renormalisation group to address moduli stabilisation in IIB string perturbation theory will be described. We revisit braneantibrane inflation combining this proposal with nonlinearly realised supersymmetry. 

Speaker: Patrick Draper (Univ. of Illinois) and Alvaro Herraez (IPhT Saclay)Title: Swampland SeminarVenue: VirtualOpen Mic Discussion Topic: Entropy bounds (species bound, Bekenstein bound, CKN bound, and the like) 

Speaker: Fernando Marchesano (UAMCSIC, Madrid) and Max Wiesner (Harvard CMSA)Title: d strings at strong couplingVenue: virtualSpeakers: Fernando Marchesano (UAMCSIC, Madrid) and Max Wiesner (Harvard CMSA) Title: 4d strings at strong coupling As usual, the format will be 45 min talk + 30 min discussion, to encourage participation from the audience. Looking forward to seeing you there! 

Speaker: Tom RudeliusTitle: Generalized Global Symmetries and the Weak Gravity ConjectureVenue: Virtual 

Speaker: Du PeiTitle: Holomorphic CFTs and topological modular formsVenue: VirtualAbstract: The theory of topological modular forms leads to many interesting constraints and predictions for twodimensional quantum field theories, and some of them might have interesting implications for the swampland program. In this talk, I will show that a conjecture by Segal, Stolz and Teichner requires the constant term of the partition function of a bosonic holomorphic CFTs to be divisible by specific integers determined by the central charge. We verify this constraint in large classes of physical examples, and rule out the existence of an infinite set of “extremal CFTs”, including those with central charges c = 48, 72, 96 and 120. 


Speaker: Lars AalsmaTitle: Extremal Black Hole Corrections from IyerWaldVenue: VirtualAbstract: Extremal black holes play a key role in our understanding of various swampland conjectures and in particular the WGC. The mild form of the WGC states that higherderivative corrections should decrease the mass of extremal black holes at fixed charge. Whether or not this conjecture is satisfied depends on the sign of the combination of Wilson coefficients that control corrections to extremality. Typically, corrections to extremality need to be computed on a casebycase basis, but in this talk I will present a universal derivation of extremal black hole corrections using the IyerWald formalism. This leads to a formula that expresses general corrections to the extremality bound in terms of the stress tensor of the perturbations under consideration, clarifying the… 

Speaker: Timm WraseTitle: Scale separated AdS vacua?Venue: VirtualAbstract: In this talk I will review massive type IIA flux compactifications that seem to give rise to infinite families of supersymmetric 4d AdS vacua. These vacua provide an interesting testing ground for the swampland program. After reviewing potential shortcomings of this setup, I will discuss recent progress on overcoming them and getting a better understanding of these solutions. 

Speaker: Thomas GrimmTitle: Taming the LandscapeVenue: VirtualAbstract: In this talk I will introduce a generalized notion of finiteness that provides a structural principle for the set of effective theories that can be consistently coupled to quantum gravity. More concretely, I will propose a ‘tameness conjecture’ that states that all scalar field spaces and coupling functions that appear in such an effective theory must be definable in an ominimal structure. The fascinating field of tame geometry has seen much recent progress and I will argue that the results can be used to support the above swampland conjecture. The strongest evidence arises from a new finiteness theorem for the flux landscape which is shown using the tameness of the period map. 

Speaker: Nima ArkaniHamed (IAS), and Gary Shiu (UWMadison)Title: Swampland SeminarVenue: VirtualThis week’s seminar will be an open mic discussion which will be led by Nima ArkaniHamed (IAS), and by Gary Shiu (UWMadison), and the topic will be “Swampland constraints, Unitarity and Causality”. They will start with a brief introduction sharing their thoughts about the topic and moderate a discussion afterwards. 