General Relativity 2021-22

During the 2021-22 academic year, the CMSA will be hosting a seminar on General Relativity, organized by Aghil Alaee, Jue Liu, Daniel Kapec, and Puskar Mondal. This seminar will take place on Fridays at 10:30am – 11:30am (Boston time). The meetings will take place virtually on Zoom. To learn how to attend, please fill out this form.

The schedule below will be updated as talks are confirmed.

9/10/2021Philippe G. LeFloch, Sorbonne University and CNRSTitle: Asymptotic localization, massive fields, and gravitational singularities

Abstract: I will review three recent developments on Einstein’s field equations under low decay or low regularity conditions. First, the Seed-to-Solution Method for Einstein’s constraint equations, introduced in collaboration with T.-C. Nguyen generates asymptotically Euclidean manifolds with the weakest or strongest possible decay (infinite ADM mass, Schwarzschild decay, etc.). The ‘asymptotic localization problem’ is also proposed an alternative to the ‘optimal localization problem’ by Carlotto and Schoen. We solve this new problem at the harmonic level of decay. Second, the Euclidian-Hyperboloidal Foliation Method, introduced in collaboration with Yue Ma, applies to nonlinear wave systems which need not be asymptotically invariant under Minkowski’s scaling field and to solutions with low decay in space. We established the global nonlinear stability of self-gravitating massive matter field in the regime near Minkowski spacetime. Third, in collaboration with Bruno Le Floch and Gabriele Veneziano, I studied spacetimes in the vicinity of singularity hypersurfaces and constructed bouncing cosmological spacetimes of big bang-big crunch type. The notion of singularity scattering map provides a flexible tool for formulating junction conditions and, by analyzing Einstein’s constraint equations, we established a surprising classification of all gravitational bouncing laws. Blog:
9/17/2021Igor Rodnianski, Princeton UniversityTitle: Stable Big Bang formation for the Einstein equations

Abstract: I will discuss recent work concerning stability of cosmological singularities described by the generalized Kasner solutions. There are heuristics in the mathematical physics literature, going back more than 50 years, suggesting that the Big Bang formation should be stable under perturbations of the Kasner initial data, as long as the Kasner exponents are “sub-critical”. We prove that the Kasner singularity is dynamically stable for all sub-critical Kasner exponents, thereby justifying the heuristics in the full regime where stable monotonic-type curvature blowup is expected. We treat the 3+1-dimensional Einstein-scalar field system and the D+1-dimensional Einstein-vacuum equations for D≥10. This is joint work with Speck and Fournodavlos.
9/24/2021Alex LupsascaTitle: On the Observable Shape of Black Hole Photon Rings

Abstract: The photon ring is a narrow ring-shaped feature, predicted by General Relativity but not yet observed, that appears on images of sources near a black hole. It is caused by extreme bending of light within a few Schwarzschild radii of the event horizon and provides a direct probe of the unstable bound photon orbits of the Kerr geometry. I will argue that the precise shape of the observable photon ring is remarkably insensitive to the astronomical source profile and can therefore be used as a stringent test of strong-field General Relativity. In practice, near-term interferometric observations may be limited to the visibility amplitude alone, which contains incomplete shape information: for convex curves, the amplitude only encodes the set of projected diameters (or “widths”) of the shape. I will describe the freedom in reconstructing a convex curve from its widths, giving insight into the photon ring shape information probed by technically plausible future astronomical measurements.
10/1/2021Zhongshan An, University of Connecticut
10/8/2021Xiaoning Wu, Chinese Academy of Sciences
10/15/2021Jiong-Yue Li, Sun Yat-Sen University
10/22/2021Roberto Emparan, University of Barcelona
10/29/2021Jorge Santos, University of Cambridge
11/5/2021Elena Giorgi, Columbia University
11/19/2021Nishanth Gudapati, Clark University
12/10/2021Xinliang An, University of Singapore

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